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Regarding the Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever:

To the citizens of Kitakyushu:

As of Oct. 21st, 2014, WHO has not advised any traveling limitations for Guinea, Liberia or Sierra Leone. However, the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in regard to these three countries, has issued the following infectious disease warning to travelers. “Please postpone any non-essential or non-urgent travel.Be aware that if you enter one of these countries, due to suspension of commercial flights, you may not be able to leave.”

In the event that travel is unavoidable, before traveling please check the latest information on the current state of affairs in the country you are traveling to. This information is available at the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare quarantine office as well as on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ Overseas Safety Homepage.

Also, while traveling please make sure to continue basic hygienic practices (wash hands, avoid touching animals and sick people).Take necessary precautions to avoid infectious diseases including the Ebola virus.

In the event that anyone entering or returning to Japan has been in one of these countries within the past 21 days, regardless of the presence of symptoms,they must personally inform the quarantine office. Furthermore, for those that have been confirmed to have stayed in one of these three countries in the last 21 days, they will be required to report their temperature and other health conditions twice a day (morning and evening) to the quarantine office for 21 days after leaving Guinea, Liberia or Sierra Leone.

In the unlikely event that you have been in a region where the Ebola virus has been spreading (Guinea, Liberia or Sierra Leone),please refrain from seeing a doctor at a medical institution based on personal judgment and instead immediately call the Public Health Center, Public Health and Disease Prevention Division (093-522-8711).

Regarding the Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever:

The Ebola hemorrhagic fever is an acute febrile illness caused by the Ebola virus.

Primary symptoms

The incubation period is 2-21 days (generally 7-10 days) after which, an infected person may experience a sudden fever, headache, sense of fatigue, muscular pain and throat pain. These symptoms are followed by vomiting, diarrhea, chest pain and bleeding (vomiting blood, bloody bowel discharge).

Method of transmission

In the event that you come in contact, without proper protection, with the body fluids (blood, secretions, vomit, excrement) from a patient that is infected with the Ebola virus and is showing symptoms, or with something that has been contaminated with a patient’s body fluids (needles etc.),the virus can infect you through an open wound or your mucous membrane.

In general, patients that are not showing symptoms are not contagious.The virus cannot be transmitted by air-borne infection.

The Ebola hemorrhagic fever differs from diseases that can be transmitted from person to person through coughing and sneezing, such as influenza,in that it cannot easily be transmitted from one person to another.
With knowledge of the disease and by taking appropriate precautions it is possible to avoid becoming infected by the Ebola virus.

Treatment and prevention

As there are no effective antiviral drugs, treatment for the Ebola virus is centered on alleviating symptoms. Also, there is no vaccine to prevent infection.

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International Policy Division,
Planning and Coordination Bureau,
1-1 Jonai, Kokurakita-ku, Kitakyushu 803-8501 JAPAN
Tel: 093-582-2146
(International Calling +81-93-582-2146)
Fax: 093-582-2176